FRANCE POLITICS: Jean-Marie Le Pen Biography

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By Politicoscope April 4, 2017 08:18

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FRANCE POLITICS: Jean-Marie Le Pen Biography

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Jean-Marie Le Pen was born on 20 June 1928 in Trinité sur Mer in the Morbihan. He is the son of Jean Le Pen, patron fisherman, and Anne-Marie Hervé, daughter of peasants. The word pen means in Breton: “chief”. Jean-Marie Le Pen was a ward of the nation after the death of his father, who died for France in 1942.

He holds a post-graduate degree in political science and a law degree. He was President of the Law Students of Paris and then Honorary President of the “Corpo”. The dissertation for the graduate degree in political science, written in 1971, presented by Jean-Marie Le Pen and Jean-Loup Vincent is entitled “The Anarchist Current in France since 1945”.

He was the youngest vice-president of the Comité Pierre de Coubertin and was a fisherman, a miner in the background, a meter of apartments. In January 1953 he took the initiative of organizing a relief column of volunteer students to assist the flood victims in the Netherlands. He received the support of Vincent Auriol, President of the Republic. He served as an officer in the 1st Foreign Paratroop Battalion in Indochina (Second Lieutenant). At the end of his stay, he was assigned to Caravelle, the organ of the French Expeditionary Force (1955).

Presented to Pierre Poujade by Roger Delpey, the President of the Ancients of Indochina, becomes late 1955 the delegate general of the Union of Defense of the French youth, then elected 2 of January of 1956, deputy of Paris. It was also in that year that he became the first politician to elect a Frenchman of Muslim faith. At twenty-seven, he was the youngest member of the National Assembly. He nevertheless leaves the benches and volunteers to join the 1st REP in Algeria.

He participated in the landing by strong force of the Franco-British operation of Suez. Decorated with the Cross of Military Value, in 1957 he founded the National Front of Combatants (FNC) and organized a summer caravan “French Algeria” around the French littoral in August. The following year, he was re-elected deputy of the Latin Quarter in Paris Vème and was a member of the parliamentary group of the Center National des Indépendants et Paysans (CNIP), chaired by Antoine Pinay. He was at that time rapporteur of the budget of the War in the National Assembly and Defense in the Senate of the community. From that time on, his political commitment was founded on the love of the people and the homeland.

Beaten in 1962, Jean-Marie Le Pen created a phonographic publishing company, the SERP (Society of Study and Public Relations), specialized in the publishing of songs, historical speeches and sound documents. 30 years.

In 1958 the National Front of Combatants was dissolved by the government and founded the National Front Combattant when it was dissolved after the barricades of Algiers in 1960. It founds the National Front for French Algeria which will be dissolved In 1961 during the putsch of the Generals. It is the FNAF Committee that will be the TV Committee of which he is the Secretary General and Campaign Director of Jean-Louis Tixier-Vignancourt in 1965. In 1972, he founded the National Front and continued the fight for France. The electoral results of the National Front have been on the rise since the municipal elections of 1983, in March in Paris in the 20th and in September in Dreux.

In 1984, Jean-Marie Le Pen was elected as a French Member of the European Parliament, at the head of a list of 11 French parliamentarians to which elected representatives from various European countries joined. He was re-elected at each election in this House, but was deprived of his parliamentary seat on 10 April 2003 by a decision of the European Court of Justice following a conviction (Mantes-la-Jolie case ) And a French Council of State decree of 31 March ending his mandate as a MEP.

In 1986, he was elected to the Regional Council of Ile-de-France and resigned as a Member of the National Assembly and Member of the European Parliament. In 1992 and 1998, he was elected to the Regional Council of Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, before his candidature was rejected in 2004, also depriving him of this forum. He will be re-elected Regional Councilor of Paca in 2010.

At the end of 1998, the split of Bruno Mégret handicapped the Front National: he lost half of his executives and thousands of adherents. The FN dropped to 6% in the European elections of 1999 (Megret 3%), before Jean-Marie Le Pen did not create surprise when arriving at the second round of the presidential election in 2002.

In 1976, he inherited his Lambert friends. In November, the building he lives with his family is destroyed by a bomb attack.
From his first marriage to Pierrette Lalanne, whom he divorced in 1985, he had three daughters (Marie-Caroline, Yann, Marine) who gave him nine grandchildren. Jean-Marie Le Pen remarried on 31 May 1991 with Jeanne-Marie Paschos, known as Jany, daughter of a Greek art dealer and mother of Dutch and Breton origin.

Political itinerary

  • From 1956 to 1957: deputy of the Seine (Union Group and French fraternity)
  • From 1957 to 1958: not registered
  • From 1958 to 1962: Deputy of the 5th arrondissement of Paris, related to the CNI group
  • From 1963 to 1965: Head of the TV Committee
  • In December 1972: founded the “National Front” (FN)
  • In April 1974: runs for the presidential election and obtains 0.74% of the votes
  • In November 1976: a bomb attack on his Parisian home which is completely destroyed
  • In April 1981: did not get the 500 sponsorships to run for the presidential election
  • In March 1983: Councilor of the 20th arrondissement of Paris
  • In June 1984, elected MEP
  • From March 1986 to June 1988: Deputy of Paris during the legislative elections (proportional list ballot)
  • In April 1988: candidate for the presidential election, he obtains 14.38% of the votes, he meets “discreetly” Jacques Chirac between the
    two rounds of the presidential election
  • In November 1990: traveled to Iraq during the war to negotiate directly with Saddam Hussein the release of 55 hostages he brought back to France
  • In March 1992: elected regional councilor of PACA
  • In June 1994 re-elected MEP
  • In April 1995, as a candidate in the presidential election, he obtained 15% of the votes
  • In March 1998: re-elected regional councilor of PACA
  • In June 1999, re-elected MEP
  • On 21 April 2002, in the presidential election, he obtained 16.86% of the votes (out of 16 candidates) and qualified for the second round
  • On May 5, 2002: 17.94% of the votes in the second round of the presidential election against 82.06% for Chirac. The latter refuses to debate with him live on the television channels
  • In February 2004, his candidacy for the regional election of 21 and 28 March in PACA was rejected by the Prefect of the Region, on the pretext of no domiciliation or tax attachment in the region
  • In June 2004, he was re-elected to the European Parliament
  • In May 2007, he arrived in 4th position in the presidential election with 3 870 000 votes
  • Jean-Marie Le Pen has been President of the National Front since 1972. He was re-elected in November 2007 for 3 years
  • At the Congress of Tours in January 2011, he was elected Honorary President of the National Front. Marine Le Pen being elected President of the National Front

Artworks

  • The anarchist current in France since 1945 (DES Sc.pol., University of Paris, 1971)
  • The French first (Carrère Lafon, 1984)
  • France is back (Carrère-Lafon, 1985)
  • The Hope (Albatros, 1989)
  • I have seen right (national editions, 1998)
  • Open French Letters (Objectif France, 1999)
  • Jean-Marie Le Pen also prefaced Right and Economic Democracy (1978) and Pour la France (Albatros, 1986).

– Jean-Marie Le Pen Biography (Jean-Marie Le Pen)


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