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Judiciary Branch

PAKISTAN POLITICS: Nawaz Sharif, Maryam Nawaz Sharif Indicted for Corruption

PAKISTAN POLITICS: Nawaz Sharif, Maryam Nawaz Sharif Indicted for Corruption

The Supreme Court initially declined to dismiss Sharif but ordered an investigation into his family’s wealth. After the probe, it disqualified him and ordered the NAB to investigate and conduct a trial.

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ARGENTINA POLITICS: Judges Seek Detention of Cristina Fernandez Ally

ARGENTINA POLITICS: Judges Seek Detention of Cristina Fernandez Ally

Former President Cristina Fernandez, who governed the country from 2007 to 2015, remains the main force of opposition to center-right President Mauricio Macri. Polls show her coming a close second ahead of an Oct. 22 Senate race in Argentina’s largest province of Buenos Aires, behind Macri’s preferred candidate.

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INDIA POLITICS: Landmark Indian Child Bride Verdict May Curb Traffickers: Experts

INDIA POLITICS: Landmark Indian Child Bride Verdict May Curb Traffickers: Experts

India’s Supreme Court struck down a decades-old clause in the country’s rape laws permitting a man to have sex with his wife if she is aged 15 to 18 – ruling that it was rape, and therefore a criminal offense.

“For the longest time, traffickers have been using marriage with minors as an alibi to rape girls in the first instance, to break them, before selling them to pimps and brothel owners,” said Adrian Phillips, an advocate from Justice and Care, which fights trafficking.

“This judgment, which criminalizes intercourse with minors even in the garb of marriage, will be a huge deterrent for traffickers. We are extremely happy with the judgment.”

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SOUTH AFRICA POLITICS: 800 Corruption Charges Finally Get Zuma to Face Prosecution

SOUTH AFRICA POLITICS: 800 Corruption Charges Finally Get Zuma to Face Prosecution

The president, who is accused of corruption, fraud, money-laundering and racketeering, has always insisted he is innocent.

Zuma and other government officials were accused of taking kickbacks from the $5bn purchase of fighter jets, patrol boats and other arms manufactured by five European firms, including British military equipment maker BAE Systems and French company Thales.

Charges were first brought against Zuma in 2005 but dropped by prosecutors in 2009.

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SOUTH AFRICA POLITICS: Zuma Says Disappointed By Ruling of Supreme Court of Appeal

SOUTH AFRICA POLITICS: Zuma Says Disappointed By Ruling of Supreme Court of Appeal

“The decision of the Supreme Court of Appeal today‚ whilst disappointing‚ was much anticipated‚” the presidency said in a statement.

“The effect of the decision is that the only legitimate decision made by the NPA is to prosecute President Zuma‚” the presidency said.

“Importantly‚ it means that the representations have not been considered and the expectation is that the NDPP will now consider these representations under the correct prescripts of the law and make a legitimate decision relating thereto.

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AUSTRALIA POLITICS: Speedy Ruling on Citizenship Crisis Not Guaranteed: High Court Says

AUSTRALIA POLITICS: Speedy Ruling on Citizenship Crisis Not Guaranteed: High Court Says

“The court is aware of the need for a speedy decision, but it is not always possible to do so immediately,” said chief justice, Susan Kiefel.

The court’s decision will determine whether Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull can maintain his shaky grip on power. Should the court rule that Joyce, the sole lower house lawmaker caught up in the crisis, is ineligible, Turnbull will need to win the support of one of three independent lawmakers to keep his minority government.

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BRAZIL POLITICS: Court Freezes Rousseff’s Assets Over 2006 Refinery Deal

BRAZIL POLITICS: Court Freezes Rousseff’s Assets Over 2006 Refinery Deal

Dilma Rousseff, who was impeached last year for breaking budget rules, was chief of staff for President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva at the time of the refinery purchase and chaired the Petrobras board of directors.

In 2014, when the operation was being investigated for alleged graft, then-President Dilma Rousseff said she had been given incomplete information by directors responsible for the deal.

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UK POLITICS: High Court Verdict! Torture Survivors Defeat Home Office ‘Unlawful’ Rules on Asylum Seeker

UK POLITICS: High Court Verdict! Torture Survivors Defeat Home Office ‘Unlawful’ Rules on Asylum Seeker

“The Home Office said that detention will not affect me because I am not a victim of torture. It is difficult to believe that the Home Office could happily detain me knowing that I was tortured. It affected me greatly to be subjected to this unlawful policy. It has left a scar in my life that will never be healed.

“Although I welcome the decision, it is still upsetting that the Home Office, who should protect people like me, rejected me and put me in detention which reminded me of the ordeal I suffered in my country of origin.

“I hope that the decision will benefit other survivors of torture held in immigration detention and it will prevent the Home Office from implementing a policy that will hurt vulnerable individuals in the future.”

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NIGERIA POLITICS: 2,300 Boko Haram Militants to Face Mass Trials

NIGERIA POLITICS: 2,300 Boko Haram Militants to Face Mass Trials

The trials are seen as a positive step, as many of the detainees had been held in custody for years, without access to a lawyer or ever having appeared before a judge. Amnesty International said in a June 2015 report that more than 20,000 people had been arbitrarily arrested as part of the fight against Boko Haram.

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SOUTH AFRICA POLITICS: Cape Town Refugee Reception Office Must be Opened: Supreme Court Ruling Orders

SOUTH AFRICA POLITICS: Cape Town Refugee Reception Office Must be Opened: Supreme Court Ruling Orders

The Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA) noted that urban areas such as Cape Town attract large numbers of asylum seekers because of better access to basic services and work opportunities. The court found that the DG should have taken into account the high number of asylum seekers in Cape Town and the high level of demand for a refugee reception office in Cape Town. His failure to do so meant that his decision was irrational, the court said.

The Court also required the DG to make frequent reports on the steps being taken to reopen the office to ensure that the Department complies with its order.

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ZIMBABWE POLITICS: Evan Mawarire Acquitted

ZIMBABWE POLITICS: Evan Mawarire Acquitted

Magistrate Tilda Mazhande said state prosecutors had failed to establish a case against Evan Mawarire.

Mawarire’s High Court trial on subversion charges came to a close on Friday after eight state witnesses testified. His lawyer Harrison Nkomo said he would apply to the judge to have the case dismissed.

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ISRAEL POLITICS: Abdel al-Fattah Yusri al-Sharif Killer Elor Azaria Jail Sentence Reduced

ISRAEL POLITICS: Abdel al-Fattah Yusri al-Sharif Killer Elor Azaria Jail Sentence Reduced

Human rights groups and Palestinian leaders have reacted to the new decision, saying it is further proof that “Palestinian lives mean nothing” to Israelis.

“We are in a system of apartheid. The reduction of the sentence is an encouragement for Israeli soldiers to commit violations” against Palestinians, Mustafa Barghouti, senior member of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), told Al Jazeera.

Palestinians had from the started no trust in Azaria prosecution process, denouncing the case as “a show trial” aimed at distracting attention from the regime’s wider culture of immunity for its criminal soldiers.

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BRAZIL POLITICS: Prosecutor Rodrigo Janot  Charges Temer’s Party Members With Criminal Organization

BRAZIL POLITICS: Prosecutor Rodrigo Janot Charges Temer’s Party Members With Criminal Organization

A corruption scandal involving cartels of companies bribing officials for public contracts has enveloped most of Brazil’s political elite with Janot expected to issue another charge against Temer in coming weeks. Temer defeated a first corruption charge from Janot, when the lower house of Congress voted not to allow it to proceed to trial.

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AUSTRALIA POLITICS: Court Obligates Australia to Pay Damages to Refugees

AUSTRALIA POLITICS: Court Obligates Australia to Pay Damages to Refugees

Victoria State’s Supreme Court ruled on Wednesday that the Australian government had to award the litigants AUD 70 million (USD 56 million) for detaining them illegally and mistreating them. The filing of the legal complaint marked the largest human rights class action settlement involving Australia.

Rory Walsh of the law firm said, “These detainees came to Australia seeking refuge, compassion and protection, which were all denied to them by successive Commonwealth governments.”

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KENYA POLITICS: Presidential Election Invalid! Supreme Court Declares, Calls for New Election

KENYA POLITICS: Presidential Election Invalid! Supreme Court Declares, Calls for New Election

“The declaration (of Kenyatta’s win) is invalid, null and void,” said Judge David Maranga, announcing the verdict backed by four out of the six judges.

“The first respondent (the election board) failed neglected or refused to conduct the presidential election in a manner consistent with the dictates of the constitution.”

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SOUTH AFRICA POLITICS: Constitutional Court Says: ‘New Homeowners Not Liable for Debts of Previous Owners’

SOUTH AFRICA POLITICS: Constitutional Court Says: ‘New Homeowners Not Liable for Debts of Previous Owners’

Constitutional Court handed down judgment in an application for confirmation of an order by the High Court of South Africa, Gauteng Division: Pretoria (High Court) that declared section 118(3) of the Local Government: Municipal Systems Act, 2000 constitutionally invalid. This section provides that an amount due for municipal services rendered on any property is a charge upon that property and enjoys preference over any mortgage bond registered against the property.

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EL SALVADOR POLITICS: El Salvador Court Quashes Arrest Order for Soldiers Over 1989 Murders

EL SALVADOR POLITICS: El Salvador Court Quashes Arrest Order for Soldiers Over 1989 Murders

El Salvador’s government made the announcement after a Spanish judge had sent a new petition to international police agency Interpol, ordering the arrests of the soldiers. Among the wanted men were three generals and four colonels.

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ZAMBIA POLITICS: Hakainde Hichilema Gains Freedom From Prison

ZAMBIA POLITICS: Hakainde Hichilema Gains Freedom From Prison

Zambian opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema said, “As of yesterday, some of our members were arrested. Even today, as I speak, others were arrested. Zambia’s criminal justice system has broken down. I can’t say I am free when our members are in detention. I am willing to go back to prison if the arrests persisted.”

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USA POLITICS: Police Arrrest Rep. Luis Gutiérrez, 30 Other Protesters Outside White House For Protesting Agaist Trump Immigrant Policy

USA POLITICS: Police Arrrest Rep. Luis Gutiérrez, 30 Other Protesters Outside White House For Protesting Agaist Trump Immigrant Policy

Rep. Luis Gutiérrez (D-Ill.) said, “The same values that I inculcated in my daughters, that my wife and I raised them, [Dreamers] are an example and exemplify them. Their dreams are just like my kids’ dreams.”

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ZIMBABWE POLITICS: Grace Mugabe to Be Charged With Assault in South Africa: Minister

ZIMBABWE POLITICS: Grace Mugabe to Be Charged With Assault in South Africa: Minister

Fikile Mbalula earlier told reporters that 52-year-old Grace Mugabe, a possible successor to her husband, 93-year-old President Robert Mugabe, had cooperated with police. A Zimbabwean intelligence source said Grace Mugabe had been traveling on an ordinary non-diplomatic passport. “She was here on business,” the source told Reuters.

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