John Bolton was born on 20 November 1948. Mr. John R. Bolton, JD serves as a Senior Fellow of the American Enterprise Institute. Mr. Bolton served as the United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations from August 1, 2005 to December 9, 2006. He served in the Department of State as the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, managing the U.S. Mission and spearheading efforts to reform the UN.
His career spans over 30 years in government service and the legal profession. From May 2001 to May 2005, he served as Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security, also in the Bush Administration.
Mr. Bolton served as a Senior Vice President of the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), President of the National Policy Forum and was a Partner of Covington & Burling LLP. He supervised the AEI research program, financial oversight, dissemination of the AEI research and publications, public affairs and general management.
He served in several high-level positions, including Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs at the Department of State from 1989 to 1993, an Assistant Attorney General in the United States Justice Department from 1985 to 1989, Assistant Administrator for Program and Policy Coordination, U.S. Agency for International Development, from 1982 to 1983 and General Counsel, U.S. Agency for International Development from 1981 to 1982.
He served as an Editor of the Yale Law Journal. He served as a Director of Arizona Chemical Company, LLC. He served as a Director of TRACON Pharmaceuticals, Inc. He has been an Independent Director of Diamond Offshore Drilling, Inc. since January 30, 2007. He served as a Director of EMS Technologies Inc., since July 2009.
John Bolton is Senior Fellow at the Institute, focusing on foreign policy and international organizations. He graduated Phi Beta Kappa, summa cum laude from Yale College in 1970 and a JD from Yale Law School in 1974.
John R. Bolton Full Biography and Profile
John R. Bolton, born in 1948, graduated from Yale Law School in 1974 with an J.D. degree, was drafted to the military during the final phase of the Vietnam war, but he dodged service by enlisting himself in the Maryland Army National Guard.
He later confessed that he “had no desire to die in a Southeast Asian rice paddy,” as he considered “the war in Vietnam already lost.”
After graduating from Yale, Bolton practiced law in Washington D.C. Through the 1980s and 1990s he zig-zagged between public service and the private sector, becoming U.S. States Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Division under former President Ronald Reagan between 1988-1989.
Bolton had his first encounter with the State Department in 1989, when he became the Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs.
In 2001, under the former president George W. Bush, Bolton assumed his first major diplomatic role as the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs, which focused on the prevention of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. But in his capacity, Bolton has worked against international arms control efforts, citing U.S. national security as a higher priority.
In 2005, Bush sought to promote Bolton as the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, but faced ferocious opposition from both the Democratic and Republican Parties.
Due to his lack of support, Bolton’s nomination never cleared in the Senate, and was appointed later to the post while Congress was in recess.
As he never gained enough support in Congress, Bolton gave up pursuing a second term in 2006.
Bolton returned to the private sector after his resignation, taking on various posts with conservative think tanks, law firms and advocacy groups. His curriculum vitae (CV) includes experience with the American Enterprise Institute and the National Rifle Association. He has also been a regular commentator on conservative TV station Fox.
During his tenure in the State Department and post-state department roles, Bolton has been an outspoken critic of the Iranian nuclear deal and of the United Nations, and a staunch supporter of the Iraq War, which drew him fierce criticism.
“There is no United Nations. There is an international community that occasionally can be led by the only real power left in the world, and that’s the United States, when it suits our interests and when we can get others to go along,” Bolton said once of the United Nations.
His pro-war position has heightened concern among many that the United States may develop an even more aggressive foreign policy, further alienating itself with its allies in Europe and Asia.