French far-right leader Marine Le Pen proposed changing the name of her party to the National Union on Sunday as part of efforts to improve its image after she was re-elected for a third term as leader.
The 49-year-old announced the proposed change at a party conference in northeast France, arguing that the party needed to drop its historic name of the National Front (FN) which has been used since 1972 when it was co-founded by her father Jean-Marie.
The switch is meant to signal a new beginning and a decisive break from the toxic legacy of Jean-Marie, a former paratrooper who has a long history of making racist and anti-Semitic remarks.
He was finally banished from the party on Sunday, marking the final act in a vitriolic and highly personal power struggle between him and his daughter who took over the party in 2011.
Le Pen said the National Front name was “associated with a glorious and epic history that no one can deny” but she said it was also an impediment that prevented the party winning power in elections.
“For a lot of French people, even those who are sincere, it’s a psychological barrier,” Le Pen added.
Her efforts to distance the party from its association with racism were dealt an immediate blow, however, when the deputy leader of the National Front youth movement was suspended for offensive remarks.
Davy Rodriguez, who is also a parliamentary assistant for the party, was filmed apparently calling a bouncer at a bar in Lille a “black piece of shit” during a drunken late-night argument on the eve of the party conference.
He was suspended on Sunday in a decision that was approved by Le Pen, a party source told AFP. Rodriguez admitted to an argument but told the Buzzfeed website that the video was a fabrication.
– Bannon support –
Le Pen won a historic 10 million votes as she lost to President Emmanuel Macron in last May’s national election, but her score of 34 percent was lower than expected and she has admitted to mistakes during her campaign.
Since then, she has struggled for authority in the party.
Her top campaign aide Florian Philippot has quit to start a rival far-right party, while her popular niece, Marion Marechal-Le Pen, is taking time out from politics.
Macron’s tough immigration policy, which he has promised will lead to more deportations and stricter vetting of newcomers to France, also risks taking the sting out of an issue which has driven support for the far right for 40 years.
Le Pen was re-elected for a third term as party chief on Sunday morning after standing unopposed for the position.
The divorced mother of three received another boost on Saturday from former Donald Trump aide Steve Bannon who appeared alongside her at the National Front conference and told delegates that “history is on our side”.
Bannon’s appearance reinforced the links between the Trump campaign and France’s far-right party which hold similar views on immigration, Islam, trade, the European Union and Russia.
Trump came close to endorsing Le Pen as she sought to defeat Macron last year.
“Let them call you racists, let them call you xenophobes, let them call you nativists. Wear it as a badge of honour. Because every day we get stronger and they get weaker,” Bannon told the audience.
The presence of the former head of Breitbart News drew a stinging response from Macron’s government.
“The king of fake news and of white supremacists at an FN summit… why am I not surprised?” remarked parliamentary affairs minister Christophe Castaner, who is also the head of Macron’s centrist Republic on the Move party.
“Change of name but not of the political line.”
– Name debate –
Le Pen’s bid to change the party’s name does not have unanimous support at the grassroots level and has been heavily criticised by Jean-Marie, who sees it as an attack on his legacy.
The party canvassed 51,000 members last year about whether it should change its name and on Saturday it emerged that just 52 percent had voted in favour among the 30,000 who responded.
That compared with 90 percent of respondents wanting a referendum on continued EU membership and 98 percent wanting to cut immigration to France.
National Front members are to be asked to vote via postal ballot on the proposed National Union name and Le Pen has promised to abide by their decision, which will be made public in six weeks’ time.